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Kidney Failure
About Kidney Disesases :

We can live quite well with only one kidney and some people live a healthy life even though born with one missing. But while bones canbreak, muscles can waste away and the brain can sleep without risk to life, if both of your kidneys fail, as happens in end stage kidney failure, bone, muscle or brain can not carry on.

How do our kidneys work?

Think of your kidneys as an extremely sophisticated, waste disposal system, which sorts non-recyclable waste from recyclable waste, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, while also cleaning your blood. Much of this waste is produced by the body as it processes the food you eat.Without any kidney function our body dies. Kidney function is essential for life!

What do your kidneys do?

Our kidneys are small biological marvels with a fascinating design. Healthy kidneys act like a filter to make sure the right amount of wastes and fluids are removed. Every hour your blood supply circulates through the kidneys about 12 times. Each day your kidneys process around 200 litres of blood, with around 1 to 2 litres of waste leaving the body as urine. Our kidneys make three important hormones, erythropoietin, renin and active vitamin D. Erythropoietin stimulates the production of red blood cells, renin is involved in the control of blood pressure and active vitamin D controls calcium uptake and helps make strong bones.

What is the role of your kidneys in keeping you healthy

For organs so small, your kidneys works hard - they have a number of vital roles to play in the daily functions of our body, as they: act as filters for your body to clean blood of wastes, yet retain essential elements needed by the body they keep the proper balance of salts and acids in the body, and produce hormones and enzymes which help to: control your blood pressure help to keep your internal water balance make red blood cells and help maintain your blood composition and pH levels maintain strong and healthy bones and help to keep mineral balance Your kidneys are master chemists of the body, intervene in many processes and balances in the body and control many vital body functions. The major role of the kidneys is to remove waste from the blood and eliminate it in the urine. To remove this waste and extra water, blood enters the kidney through the renal artery; blood is then cleaned in the kidney as it passes through tiny filters called nephrons. The nephrons are the basic working units of the kidneys, controlling the formation of urine. One kidney contains about one million nephrons, and each nephron contains a filtering apparatus called a glomerulus. Your kidneys are master chemists of the body, intervene in many processes and balances in the body and control many vital body functions. The major role of the kidneys is to remove waste from the blood and eliminate it in the urine. To remove this waste and extra water, blood enters the kidney through the renal artery; blood is then cleaned in the kidney as it passes through tiny filters called nephrons. The nephrons are the basic working units of the kidneys, controlling the formation of urine. One kidney contains about one million nephrons, and each nephron contains a filtering apparatus called a glomerulus.

WHAT CAN GO WRONG WITH THE KIDNEYS?

Most kidney diseases attack the nephrons. Sometimes kidney failure can happen quickly, caused for example by a sudden loss of large amounts of blood or an accident. A sudden drop in kidney function is called Acute Kidney Failure and is often short lived, but can occasionally lead to lasting kidney damage.

What does Chronic Kidney Disease mean?

If you lose over 1/3 of your kidney function for over 3 months, it is called Chronic Kidney Disease or CKD. Sometimes kidney disease leads to kidney failure, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant to keep you alive. Early detection and treatment can help prevent kidney failure and the need for dialysis or transplant treatment. If you are diagnosed with CKD, this means that your kidneys have been damaged and are not working as well as they should normally. Kidney disease is called a ‘silent disease’ as there are often no warnings. It is not uncommon for people to lose up to 90% of their kidney function before getting any symptoms. People can live a near normal life with as little as 20 percent of their total kidney function. As kidney disease progresses, symptoms can include changes in the urine (reduced volume, discolouration, blood or pus), nausea and vomiting and appetite loss. Other symptoms include swollen or numb hands and feet (because of water retention), weakness and lethargy, darkened skin and muscle cramps. About 50 people a day die of a kidney related disease.

WHY DO KIDNEYS FAIL?

There are, of course, many different reasons for decreased kidney function. Two of the most common are diabetes and high blood pressure. Statistically, they account for roughly half of all adult causes.

Diabetes

If you have diabetes – and are not controlling it properly – sugar will start building up in your blood. When the amount of sugar becomes too high it can damage the nephrons in your kidneys. This will reduce the ability of your kidneys to filter out waste products and fluids. Although treatment of diabetes has improved a lot many people having diabetes still may develop kidney damage after 20-30 years. There are two types of diabetes. Diabetes type 1 means that your body does not produce enough insulin to break down the sugar in your blood. Diabetes type 2 means that you are not making effective use of the insulin you produce. Both types of diabetes have genetic links, meaning that the risk of getting the disease is somewhat higher within families. Lifestyle factors play an important role in type2 diabetes and, in persons who are overweight; weight loss can in the best of cases eliminate the diabetes.

High blood pressure

High blood pressure occurs when the pressure of your blood against the walls of your blood vessels increases. If your blood pressure is too high it can lead to heart diseases, strokes and Chronic Kidney Disease. High blood pressure will damage the small blood vessels in your kidneys and thus prevent the filtering process from working properly. The reasons for high blood pressure are to a large extent unknown. However, in many cases they seem to be connected with your general health, lifestyle and diet.

Kidney inflammation

Another common type of kidney disease is inflammation in the kidney's filtering units. This may cause decrease in the output of urine, the spilling of blood and protein into the urine, and swelling of hands and feet (oedema). There are many kinds of inflammation in the kidneys, always affecting both of them and sometimes also other body organs.

Other causes for kidney failure

Polycystic kidney disease, one of the inherited diseases, can cause large cysts to form in the kidneys and damage the surrounding tissue and lead to kidney failure. Malformations in the kidneys are very unusual but can occur as a baby develops in its mother's womb. For example, a narrowing of the urethra may prevent normal outflow of urine and cause urine to flow back up to the kidney. This causes infections and may damage the kidneys. Obstructions in the outflow of urine can also be caused by problems like kidney stones, tumors or an enlarged prostate gland in men which may lead to Chronic Kidney Disease. Repeated urinary infections may also be a reason for kidney failure.

Causes unknown

Some 20 per cent of dialysis patients never find a cause for their kidney failure. These patients come under treatment for the first time when their kidney failure is far advanced and at this stage it is difficult to establish the reason for their disease. But dialysis is not the ultimate solution for kidney failure. It is very important one though, but not the complete solution.

We, here at Shifa Remedies with our efforts and deeply embedded unani medicine practice have found the cure for the renal failure. It is a big relief to human kind that we have successful treatment of kidney failure which can make your life normal and health as ever before.

 

 
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